Kansas schools are poised to ditch class hours for real-world training as graduation requirements


A group in charge of evaluating Kansas graduation requirements says classroom time is a poor yardstick for measuring learning. It's arguing for ways to let local school districts sub in real-world experiences and other metrics more calibrated to the 21st century

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By Suzanne Perez – Kansas News Service

WICHITA, Kansas — For more than a century, Kansas students have earned credits — and, after enough of them, a high school diploma — based on how much time they spend in a classroom.

The age-old “Carnegie unit” approach to education became the academic law of the land way back in 1906. And it stuck: One credit equals about 120 instructional hours in one subject. Kansas requires students to pass at least 21 credits to graduate from high school.

But a group in charge of evaluating the state’s graduation requirements says that classroom time makes for a poor yardstick for measuring learning. So it argues for ways to let local school districts sub in other metrics more calibrated to the 21st century.

“Districts can already award . . . class credits based on competencies and demonstrations by students rather than just by seat time,” said Jim McNiece, a Kansas Board of Education member and former high school principal. “We set the number (of credits required to graduate). But how you get there is really up to local districts.”

That could mean counting other types of learning toward graduation, he said. Examples could include apprenticeships, industry-certified certificates, work experience or an Eagle Scout project.

But few principals or superintendents go that route, said the chair of the state board task force on graduation requirements. That’s because, McNiece said, traditional schedules and class-time credits are easier to measure.

McNiece and Jarred Fuhrman, principal of Basehor-Linwood High School, briefed the state board recently about the task force’s work and said the group needs more time to develop specific recommendations.

A preliminary proposal would group high school classes into a new classification system aimed at skills rather than subject areas.

For example, instead of requiring three units of math and three of science, a new STEM category would encompass math, science, engineering or computer science classes. Similarly, a “society and humanities” category could let students choose from history, government and fine arts classes for credits.

“Does everybody need math? Yes,” said school board chairman Jim Porter. “Does everybody need the same math? … I think the answer is no.”

Kansas Education Commissioner Randy Watson has also discussed adding real-world experiences to the list of things required for a high school diploma. The task force proposed requiring two such “post-secondary assets,” which could include community service projects, JROTC experience, or completion of the academically rigorous International Baccalaureate program.

“It’s our job to prepare them for life after high school,” said board member Melanie Haas. “They shouldn’t have to be in a classroom. They shouldn’t have to have their butts in seats to be learning.”

The Kansas Board of Education last changed graduation requirements more than 20 years ago, when it added a fine arts credit. Any future changes would take effect with the current year’s eighth-graders.

Board member Janet Waugh said she’s open to shifting graduation requirements away from traditional classes and toward real-life learning.

“This is exciting. We just need to look at it a little differently,” she said. “It’s not sitting at a desk for nine months and going from Chapter One to Chapter 20.”

Suzanne Perez reports on education for KMUW in Wichita and the Kansas News Service. You can follow her on Twitter @SuzPerezICT.

The Kansas News Service is a collaboration of KCUR, Kansas Public Radio, KMUW and High Plains Public Radio focused on health, the social determinants of health and their connection to public policy.

Kansas News Service stories and photos may be republished by news media at no cost with proper attribution and a link to ksnewsservice.org.

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Derek Nester
Derek Nesterhttps://sunflowerstateradio.com
Derek Nester was born and raised in Blue Rapids and graduated from Valley Heights High School in 2000. He attended Cowley College in Arkansas City and Johnson County Community College in Overland Park studying Journalism & Media Communications. In 2002 Derek joined Taylor Communications, Inc. in Salina, Kansas working in digital media for 550 AM KFRM and 100.9 FM KCLY. Following that stop, he joined Dierking Communications, Inc. stations KNDY AM & FM as a board operator and fill-in sports play-by-play announcer. Starting in 2005 Derek joined the Kansas City Chiefs Radio Network as a Studio Coordinator at 101 The Fox in Kansas City, a role he would serve for 15 years culminating in the Super Bowl LIV Championship game broadcast. In 2021 he moved to Audacy, formerly known as Entercom Communications, Inc. and 106.5 The Wolf and 610 Sports Radio, the new flagship stations of the Kansas City Chiefs Radio Network, the largest radio network in the NFL. Through all of this, Derek continues to serve as the Digital Media Director for Sunflower State Radio, the digital and social media operations of Dierking Communications, Inc. and the 6 radio stations it owns and operates across Kansas.

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