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KSHSAA Releases Concussion Summary For 2018-2019 School Year

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Derek Nester
Derek Nester was born and raised in Blue Rapids, and graduated from Valley Heights High School in May of 2000. He attended Cowley College in Arkansas City and Johnson County Community College in Overland Park studying Journalism & Media Communications.After stops at KFRM and KCLY radio in Clay Center, he joined KNDY in 2002 as a board operator and play by play announcer. Derek is now responsible for the digital content of Dierking Communications, Inc. six radio stations.In 2005 Derek joined the staff of KCFX radio in Kansas City as a production coordinator for the Kansas City Chiefs Radio Network, which airs on over 94 radio stations across 12 Midwest states and growing. In 2018 he became the Studio Coordinator at the Cumulus Kansas City broadcast center for Kansas City Chiefs Football.

TOPEKA, Kan. – The 2018-2019 school year marked the first year member schools were required to report concussions to the Kansas State High School Activities Association. Over 2,100 concussions were reported across grades 7-12.

“The KSHSAA is committed to adopting policy and implementing best practices in order to minimize risk for student participants,” said executive director, Bill Faflick. “We believe it is important to use relevant data to craft such policies and protocols, and we certainly appreciate member schools playing their part by reporting concussions realized in practices and contests under administration of the KSHSAA.”

The tracking of concussions comes from the recommendation and work of the KSHSAA Sports Medicine Committee which meets twice a year. Reporting was done by the school’s administration and/or athletic trainer.

“We believe it is important to have Kansas specific concussion data to truly understand at what level sport concussions are affecting our student participants. Sport related concussions don’t necessarily happen at a high rate compared to some other injuries, but due to the significance of the injury, proper recognition and management are extremely important,” said Brent Unruh, KSHSAA office manager and sports medicine liaison. “As this dataset continues to grow and trends begin to emerge, KSHSAA leadership, including the association’s Sports Medicine Advisory Committee can make better informed decisions related to risk minimization and student safety.”

The table linked below provides a summary of the concussions reported by activity. Total participants in each activity was divided by the total number of concussions reported to get the incidence for each activity. The three sports with the highest incidence of reported concussions were Football (6.16%), Girls Soccer (3.63%) and Wrestling (2.98%). The number of days missed was also collected for each reported case and the average by activity is shown in the table. Interestingly, the top three sports with the highest incidence of concussions in Kansas also have the highest concussion injury rate nationally according to the High School RIO study.

Of the reported concussions, 60.5% were reported to be the student’s first ever concussion, 17.5% of the cases were reported as not being the student’s first concussion and 22% of the cases were reported as not knowing. Thirty-seven percent of the reported concussions were incurred at a practice versus 63% in a competition setting. When considering the higher number of practice exposures versus competition exposures throughout a season, this difference illustrates a much higher risk of concussion incidence in a competition setting.

The ongoing High School RIO study taking place through the Colorado School of Public Health is considered the preeminent high school injury tracking study in the nation. This study collects the number of athlete exposures which enables the researchers to obtain an injury rate by sport. The KSHSAA concussion tracking does not track athlete exposures, so it is not possible to compare Kansas concussion injury rates to the national average. But in comparing the overall incidence by sport in Kansas to national data, some very similar trends have been observed over this first year of reporting.

The KSHSAA is extremely appreciative of the effort of all member schools to report every concussion to the Activities Association. This requirement continues to be in effect for the 2019-2020 school year. Any concussion sustained by a student participating in a KSHSAA sponsored activity shall be reported to the KSHSAA through the online reporting system. By collecting this type of incidence data on an annual basis, better informed decisions can be made regarding risk minimization in our activities.

ACTIVITY REPORTING CONC. TOTAL PART. INCIDENCE AVG. DAYS OUT
Football (Overall) 903 14,661 6.16% 18.72
Football (11-Player) 806 12,605 6.39% 17.28
Football (8-Player) 93 1,921 4.84% 16.83
Football (6-Player) 4 135 2.96% 24.00
Soccer (G) 128 3,524 3.63% 15.15
Wrestling 149 5,000 2.98% 23.60
Wrestling (G) 10 276 3.62% 18.78
Wrestling (B) 139 4,724 2.94% 23.97
Cheer 105 4,807 2.18% 26.79
Basketball (G) 137 6,530 2.10% 18.98
Soccer (B) 89 4,342 2.05% 21.43
Gymnastics 3 153 1.96% 15.50
Volleyball 115 8,278 1.39% 18.89
Softball 49 5,160 0.95% 15.89
Basketball (B) 66 8,788 0.75% 14.56
Dance 12 2,192 0.55% 31.50
Swimming & Diving (G) 10 2,178 0.46% 15.29
Baseball 27 6,502 0.42% 12.76
Golf (G) 4 1,171 0.34% 27.00
Swim/Dive (Boys) 3 1,695 0.18% 38.50
Track & Field (G) 6 7,304 0.08% 16.60
Golf (B) 2 2,633 0.08% 14.50
Track & Field (B) 5 10,048 0.05% 15.33
Band 4 17,417 0.02% 7.00
Cross Country 1 6,673 0.01% 11.00
TOTAL (HS) 1818      
MIDDLE SCHOOLS REPORTED CONC. TOTAL PART. INCIDENCE AVG. DAYS OUT
Football 155 9,508 1.63% 16.14
Soccer (G) 5 448 1.12% 13.80
Basketball (G) 52 7,532 0.69% 18.71
Wrestling 22 3,668 0.60% 26.82
Cheer 12 3,269 0.37% 21.82
Boys Soccer 2 559 0.36% 21.00
Volleyball 27 8,726 0.31% 18.52
Basketball (B) 21 8,681 0.24% 11.78
Track & Field (B) 7 10,232 0.07% 6.50
Track & Field (G) 5 10,208 0.05% 10.25
Cross Country 1 4,880 0.02% 5.00
TOTAL (MS/JH) 309      

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